What is the Prevent duty?
The Prevent duty was established by the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 and places a duty on specified authorities such as education, health, local authorities, police and criminal justice agencies (prisons and probation) to have ‘due regard to the need to prevent people from becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism.
What is the Prevent duty guidance?
The Prevent duty guidance assists statutory partners across education, health, local authorities, police and criminal justice agencies (prisons and probation) to understand how to comply with the Prevent duty.
Why is it being updated?
We have refreshed and updated the Prevent duty guidance to reflect several recommendations of the Independent Review of Prevent published in February 2023. This will ensure that Prevent is well-equipped to counter the threats that we face and the ideologies underpinning them.
When will the new Prevent duty guidance come into force?
The updated guidance will came into force on 31 December 2023.
What are the key changes in the new guidance?
Key changes to the statutory guidance include:
- Amending the first Prevent objective to “tackle the ideological causes of terrorism”;
- Updating terminology to reflect current best practice and official terminology;
- Outlining the new Security Threat Check (STC), which consists of three questions, will ensure that high level decision-making within Prevent is always informed by proper consideration of the terrorism threat picture and responds proportionately;
- Communicating the need for genuine concern about an individual’s path to radicalisation and that ideology should be a critical consideration (to improve the quality of referrals);
- Clearer advice on how to understand and manage risk, including by having training and risk assessments; and
- Including ‘Reducing Permissive Environments’ as a key theme to tackle the ideological causes of terrorism and broader radicalising influences.
What other support is available to Prevent duty sectors?
The Home Office offers free GOV.UK Prevent duty training to support those under the duty. Other support, including face-to-face training on ideology, is being piloted and fully rolled out by spring 2024. We expect all frontline staff working for specified authorities to have reasonable and appropriate understanding of extremist and terrorist ideologies, and training is being provided on this.
The Prevent duty toolkit for local authorities supports the delivery of the Prevent Duty by local authorities in England and Wales by providing practical information and suggestions for local authorities in undertaking to prevent people from becoming a terrorist or supporting terrorism.
For sector specific support in schools and FE please go to Educate Against Hate. Further support for designated safeguarding leads on assessing risk and making Prevent referrals is available on GOV.UK
The DfE Regional Prevent Coordinators run regional networks for Further and Higher Educations leads. They also share information via regional newsletters.
The GOV.UK Prevent duty training is available to all healthcare professionals, and details of intercollegiate guidance documents are included in the PDG. In addition, the Royal College of GPs (RCGP) and the Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) have their own specific training for healthcare professionals within their respective sectors.
Delivery of Prevent will vary within each service, institution, or body. For example, some specified authorities may use dedicated Prevent roles, whereas others may deliver Prevent through wider safeguarding duties.